& Astrophys., accepted paper, The Hill stability of the possible moons of extrasolar planets 2010 Astron. [43], The approximate ratios of periods of adjacent orbits are (proceeding outward): 1:20, 1:3, 1:6, 1:20. paper, On the Orbital Evolution of a Giant Planet Pair Embedded in a Gaseous Disk. & Astrophys., 599, A56 paper, The Dynamical Architecture and Habitable Zones of the Quintuplet Planetary System 55 Cancri & VAYLIEVA I. ApJ., 732, 31 paper  arxiv, Gravitational quantization of exoplanet orbits in 55 Cnc, $\upsilon$ And, Kepler-11, Kepler-20, and Kepler-90 arxiv, Revisiting rho 1 Cancri e: A New Mass Determination Of The Transiting super-Earth [20] The process involved public nomination and voting for the new names. 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In this depiction we see the planet in the sky of an imagined moon, which is covered in alien vegetation. J., 153, 42 2009 arxiv, Characterizing multi-planet systems with classical secular theory paper, Extrasolar Giant Planets and X-ray Activity 2015 Mex. & HOMER J. preprint, Rotation periods of exoplanet host stars & PISKUNOV N. Announced to the world in 2005, 55 Cnc f is a likely a smaller gas giant exoplanet weighing in at around 0.14 times the mass of Jupiter, perhaps comparable to Neptune. CHRISTODOULOU D. & KAZANAS D. paper, Terrestrial planet formation in & Astrophys., 530, A73 POVEDA A. arxiv, Application of the Titius-Bode Rule to the 55 Cancri System: Tentative Prediction of a Possibly Habitable Planet 55 Cancri c was discovered on June 13, 2002 and has a mass roughly half of Saturn . 55 Cancri is a binary star system located 41 light-years away from the Sun in the zodiac constellation of Cancer.It has the Bayer designation Rho 1 Cancri (ρ 1 Cancri); 55 Cancri is the Flamsteed designation (abbreviated 55 Cnc). 2017 paper   arxiv, The Anglo-Australian Planet Search. MNRAS, 423, Issue 3, 2800-2814 & Astrophys. web page, How eccentric orbital solutions can hide planetary systems in 2:1 resonant orbits The next planet, b, is non-transiting but there is tentative evidence that it is surrounded by an extended atmosphere that does transit the star. paper   arxiv   ADS, 55 Cancri: Stellar Astrophysical Parameters, a Planet in the Habitable Zone, and Implications for the Radius of a Transiting Super-Earth ADS, The search for radio emission from exoplanets using LOFAR low-frequency beam-formed observations: Data pipeline and preliminary results for the 55 Cnc system & Astrophys., 532, A79 2010 & SCHMITT J. HAGHIGHIPOUR N., DVORAK R. & PILAT-LOHINGER E. It was transmitted from Eurasia's largest radar – 70-meter (230-foot) Eupatoria Planetary Radar. [1] 55 Cancri A has an apparent magnitude of 5.95, making it just visible to the naked eye under very dark skies. The star has only low emission from its chromosphere, and is not variable in the visible spectrum;[16] but it is variable in X-rays. 2012 2010 CARTER-BOND J., O'BRIEN D., MENA E., ISRAELIAN G., SANTOS N. & 2 additional authors In its first bulletin of July 2016,[25] the WGSN explicitly recognized the names of exoplanets and their host stars approved by the Executive Committee Working Group Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites, including the names of stars adopted during the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign. & Astrophys., 515, A98 1997 A super-Earth exoplanet thought to sport lava lakes on its hot side, 55 Cancri e, likely also wears an atmosphere with ingredients similar to Earth's, a new study indicates. 1997 Astron. paper, A Survey of Multiple Planet Systems ADS, The 55 Cnc system reassessed This star is known to possess (at least) five planets with masses ranging between super-Earth and Jupiter-type. WRIGHT J., MARCY G. & the California Planet Survey consortium 55 Cancri, Rho1 Cancri, HIP 43587, BD+28°1660, Gliese 324, HD 75732, HR 3522: Spectral Type: G8V: Mass: 0.9500 Solar Masses: Radius: 596,718.7804 Km 370,783.8598 Miles 0.8574 Solar Radii: Density: 2.1231 grams/cc: Rotation Period: 1,012.8000 Hours 42.2000 Days Temperature: 5,570.0000 K: Luminosity (bolometric): 0.6300: Luminosity (visual): 0.3238 2014 paper  arxiv, The Habitable Zone Gallery ADS, Mass, radius, and composition of the transiting planet 55 Cnc e : using interferometry and correlations - A quick update paper  arxiv, Harmonic Resonances of Planet and Moon Orbits - From the Titius-Bode Law to Self-Organizing Systems paper   arxiv, A Uniformly Derived Catalogue of Exoplanets from Radial Velocities PERRYMAN M. & SCHULZE-HARTUNG T. abstract, Determining Habitability: Which exoEarths should we search for life? J. 2009 It is the second planet in order of distance from its star, and is an example of a hot Jupiter, or possibly rather "warm Jupiter". & Astrophys., 525, A65, 6 pp paper, Quantization of Planetary Systems and its Dependency on Stellar Rotation KLEY W. paper  arxiv  ADS, Feasibility of spectro-polarimetric characterization of exoplanetary atmospheres with direct observing instruments Astr., 44, 243 2011 However, it is possible that the planet could possess habitable exomoons, though it is not known if 55 Cancri f possesses any. Astron. 55 Cancri c (abbreviated 55 Cnc c) is an extrasolar planet in an eccentric orbit around the Sun-like star 55 Cancri A, making one revolution every 44.34 days. 2008 confirmed the existence of the 260 day planet proposed in 2005 by Wisdom. VIDES Ch., MACINTOSH B., BINDER B., DE ROSA R., RUFFIO J.-B. 2012 paper   arxiv, The barycentric motion of exoplanet host stars - Tests of solar spin-orbit coupling paper, Chaos, Order and Periodic Orbits in 3:1 Resonant Planetary Dynamics LAI D. & PU B. Astron. ApJ., 675, 802 There are indications that component B may itself be a double star, though this is uncertain. J., 158, 207 von BRAUN K., BOYAJIAN TABETA S., ten BRUMMELAAR T., KANE S., an BELLE G. & 13 additional authors Letters, 698, L1 paper  arxiv, Radial Velocity Data Analysis with Compressed Sensing Technique in "Habitability in the Universe: From the Early Earth to Exoplanets", 22-27 March 2015, Porto 2008 2012 [23] (The IAU originally announced the winning name was Lippershey for 55 Cancri d. In January 2016, in recognition that his actual name was Lipperhey (with Lippershey an error introduced in the 19th century), the exoplanet name was corrected to Lipperhey by the IAU and that name was submitted to the official sites that keep track of astronomical information. Astrometric observations with the Hubble Space Telescope measured an inclination of 53° of the outer planet d,[35] though this result relies on the precise orbital parameters which have been substantially revised since this was published. abstract, Exoplanet Data Explorer HORNER J. Belphegor (55 Cancri Ab) An artist's depiction of 55 Cancri Ab, with its entire lack of moons. 2009 HAYWOOD M. Planet Facts. [15], The 55 Cancri system was the first known to have four, and later five planets, and may possibly have more. These radial velocity measurements still showed a drift unaccounted-for by this planet, which could be explained by the gravitational influence of a more distant object. HARA N., BOUE G., LASKAR J., DELISLE J. paper   arxiv, Extrasolar planets in stellar multiple systems. PERRYMAN M. & SCHULZE-HARTUNG T. The two components are designated A and B,[15] though A is itself sometimes referred to as 55 Cancri. Its mass is 0.1714 Jupiters, it takes 44.4 days to complete one orbit of its star, and is 0.241376 AU from its … It also bears the Bayer designation ρ¹ Cancri (Latinised to Rho¹ Cancri) and the Bright Star Catalogue designation HR 3522. paper   ... Moons. 2012 2011 2019 55 Cancri b (abbreviated as "55 Cnc b"), and sometimes designated as 55 Cancri Ab, is an extrasolar planet orbiting the Sun-like star 55 Cancri A. 1 (Now Confirmed) Good Relationships. YANG J., BOUE G., FABRYCKY D. & ABBOT D. & SOON W.H. THIABAUD A., MARBOEUF U., ALIBERT Y., LEYA I. Content and Chapter 5, Chromospheric activity of stars with planets BUTLER P., VOGT S., LAUGHLIN G., BURT J., RIVERA E. et al. paper   preprint, Radial Velocity Planets De-Aliased 2008 2008 PASADENA, Calif. - Astronomers have announced the discovery of a fifth planet circling 55 Cancri, a star beyond our solar system. Full Text, Planetary Dynamics and Habitable Planet Formation In Binary Star Systems 2008 In 1998 the discovery of a possible dust disk around 55 Cancri A was announced. [39][40] The planet itself is not thought to be conducive to life, but hypothetical moons in principle could maintain at least microbial life. paper   paper  arxiv, Can Planets Exist in the Habitable Zone of 55~Cancri? VAN LAERHOVEN Ch. Rev. 2016 paper, Formation of massive planets in binary star systems BUTLER P., MARCY G., WILLIAMS E., HAUSER H. & SHIRTS P. Astron. The planet, called 55 Cancri e, has a radius twice Earth’s, and a mass eight times greater, making it a so-called super-Earth. & Astrophys., 525, A65 paper   arxiv, Bias and robustness of eccentricity estimates from radial velocity data & Astrophys., 532, A6 The planet is a good example of a Hot Jupiter. paper   arxiv   ADS, Density Estimation for Projected Exoplanet Quantities 2011 arxiv, The LCES HIRES/Keck Precision Radial Velocity Exoplanet Survey paper   arxiv, The 55 Cancri System: Fundamental Stellar Parameters, Habitable Zone Planet, and Super-Earth Diameter The above drawing depicts what this planet might look like, complete with a hypothetical moon. 55 Cancri f is fourth in distance from 55 Cancri A of the known planets and orbits at 0.781 AU, inside the habitable zone of the star. Astron. 55 Cancri e is a super-Earth — about twice our planet's size — that zooms around its star in 18 days. ApJ., 720, 1290 The system consists of a K-type star (designated 55 Cancri A, also named Copernicus /koʊˈpɜːrnɪkəs/)[14] and a smaller red dwarf (55 Cancri B). ApJ. & SAVRANSKY D. The new planet, called 55 Cancri f, orbits the star at a distance of 117 million kilometres, about 8% farther than Venus is from our Sun, putting it in the right zone for liquid water to exist. [32] This planet was the first known instance of a fourth extrasolar planet in one system, and was the shortest-period planet until the discovery of PSR J1719-1438 b. Mech. MNRAS, in press NELSON B., FORD E., WRIGHT J., FISCHER D., von BRAUN K. et al. The animation begins on Earth, with a view of the night sky and 55 Cancri (flashing dot), located 41 light-years away in the constellation Cancer. [citation needed] 55 Cancri A also has more carbon than the Sun, with a C/O ratio of 0.78,[28] compared to solar value of 0.55. It is the third known planet in order of distance from its star. Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 9, 703 Even after accounting for these two planets, a periodicity at 43 days remained, possibly due to a third planet. The nearly 1:3 ratio between 55 Cancri b and c is apparently a near resonance, rather than a genuine mean motion resonance. 2014 PASP, 123, 412 ENDL M., ROBERTSON P., COCHRAN W., MACQUEEN Ph., BRUGAMYER E. & 4 additional authors The planet itself is estimated to be at least 44 Earth masses (possibly 57 Earth masses), meaning it is a smaller Neptune-like gas giant. PASJ, accepted paper   paper, Stellar Parameters and Metallicities of Stars Hosting Jovian and Neptunian Mass Planets: A Possible Dependence of Planetary Mass on Metallicity Int. 2009 The upper limit on emissions within 100 AU of this star is about 850 mJy, at a wavelength of 850 μm. ApJ Letters, 787, L2 MNRAS, 392, 2 MNRAS, 389, L1 paper, Secular dynamics of coplanar, non-resonant planetary system under the general relativity and quadrupole moment perturbations 2017 SIMPSON E., BALIUNAS S., HENRY G. & WATSON C. Since the planet was detected indirectly through observations of its star, properties such as its radius, composition and temperature are unknown. ApJ., 733, 68 2013 The star now holds the record for number of confirmed extrasolar planets orbiting in a planetary system. paper   arxiv, The California Planet Survey III. paper, On the correlation between metallicity and the presence of giant planets After making further radial velocity measurements, a planet orbiting at a distance of around 5 AU was announced in 2002. 2011 Fischer et al. Content arxiv, Elemental ratios in stars vs planets However, the discovery could not be verified and was later deemed to be spurious, caused instead by background galaxies.[34]. 2011 KANE S. & GELINO D. Astron. & VALENTI J. 2007 FISCHER D., MARCY G., BUTLER P., VOGT S., LAUGHLIN G., HENRY G., ABOUAV D., PEEK K., WRIGHT J., JOHNSON J., McCARTHY C. & ISAACSON H. arxiv, A comparison of gyrochronological and isochronal age estimates for transiting exoplanet host stars CANTO MARTINS B., DAS CHAGAS M., ALVES S., LEAO I., de SOUZA NETO L. & MEDEIROS J. ApJ. paper, Eleven Exoplanet Host Star Angular Diameters from the Chara Array paper, The barycentric motion of exoplanet host stars: Tests of solar spin-orbit coupling MIGASZEWSKI C. & GOZDZIEWSKI K. 2012 MNRAS, 464, 1220 [35] With 8.3 Earth masses, it is a large super-Earth which was originally thought to have an orbital period of 2.8 days, though it was later found that this was an alias of its true period of 0.74 days by observations of e transiting in 2011. & CUTZ M. BALIUNAS S., HENRY, G.W., DONAHUE R.A., FEKEL F.C. WRIGHT J. Astron. CUNTZ M. & UNGER N. This planet, 55 Cancri f, was the first occurrence of a fifth extrasolar planet in one system. 2011 KASHYAP V., DRAKE J. ApJ., 687, 1339 & GREENBERG R. II. Instead of Saturn’s icy moons, this 5th planet of 55 Cancri could have ocean moons. Instead, a minimum mass of 0.144 times that of Jupiter, or about half of Saturn. Finding this planet was an enormous challenge. ApJ., 719, 671 [40], More planets are possible within the stable zone, between f and d at 0.9 to 3.8 AU with eccentricities below 0.4. paper, A dynamical perspective on additional planets in 55 Cancri exoplanetary systems 2019 ZHOU L.-Y., FERRAZ-MELO S. & SUN Y.-S. 2011 J., 153, 208 With a similar mass to c, it has a 260-day orbit, towards the inner edge of 55 Cancri A's habitable zone. 55-Cancri The aim of our study is to explore the possible existence of Earth-mass planets in the habitable zone of 55~Cancri, an effort pursued based on detailed orbital stability simulations. 2017 in "Planetary Radio Emissions VIII" 2017 0. ApJ. Michael Perryman preprint, Stable chaos in the 55Cnc exoplanetary system? Fogg Martyn HOLLIS M., BALAN S., LEVER G. & LAHAV O. 2012 55 Cancri is the system's Flamsteed designation. SATYAL S. & CUNTZ M. Discovery. paper   arxiv, The Penn State-Torun Centre for Astronomy Planet Search stars. SAFFE C., LEVATO H., LOPEZ-GARCIA Z., JOFRE E., PETRUCCI R. & GONZALEZ E. [32] The next planet, b, is non-transiting but there is tentative evidence that it is surrounded by an extended atmosphere that does transit the star.[27]. ANGLADA-ESCUDE G., LOPEZ-MORALES M. & CHAMBERS J. GAYON J., MARZARI F. & SCHOLL H. RAYMOND S., BARNES R. & GORELICK N. & A. CORREIA BOURRIER, V., DUMUSQUE, X., DORN, C., HENRY, G., ASTUDILLO-DEFRU, N. et al. & GREENBERG R. & Astrophys., 547, A91, 16 pp ApJ, submitted Because of the planet's proximity to the star, it is tidally locked by gravity just as our moon is to Earth. A Gas-giant Planet in a One Year Orbit and the Habitability of Gas-giant Satellites MNRAS, 408, 1667 [27] Between them, no measurement of c's nor f's inclination has been made. (2008)[36] reported new observations that they said confirmed the existence of the 2.8 day planet, as first reported by McArthur et al. Astron. Notes AAS, 2, 172 paper, On the Ages of Planetary Systems with Mean Motion Resonances arxiv, Strong Dependence of the Inner Edge of the Habitable Zone on Planetary Rotation Rate The innermost planet, e, transits 55 Cancri A as viewed from Earth. Age estimates for 55 Cancri A include 7.4–8.7 billion years[11] and 10.2 ± 2.5 billion years. ApJ Letters, 474, L119 & Astrophys., 542, A92 2017 2011 & SOUTHWORTH J. Tomorrow's picture: The Sands of Space. As of 2015[update], five extrasolar planets (designated 55 Cancri b, c, d, e and f; named Galileo, Brahe, Lipperhey, Janssen and Harriot, respectively) are believed to orbit 55 Cancri A. ApJ., 689, 478 Open Astron. paper   arxiv, 55 Cancri: A Coplanar Planetary System that is Likely Misaligned with its Star ROELL T., SEIFAHRT A., NEUHÄUSER R., & MUGRAUER M. Letters, 742, L24 [16] This planet received the designation 55 Cancri d. At the time of discovery, the planet was thought to be in an orbit of mild eccentricity (close to 0.1), but this value was increased by later measurements. ApJ., 709, 168 2008 2017 The discoverers have been making observations of … arxiv   This possible planet received the designation 55 Cancri c. 55 Cancri e was announced in 2004. It had been thought that with five planets, the system cannot deviate far from coplanar in order to maintain stability. Astron. Res. The message was named Cosmic Call 2; it was sent on July 6, 2003, and it will arrive at 55 Cancri in May 2044. DVORAK R., LOIBNEGGER B. They honor the astronomers Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Tycho Brahe and Thomas Harriot and the spectacle makers and telescope pioneers Hans Lipperhey and Jacharias Janssen. Astron. ADS, The 55 Cancri Planetary System: Fully Self-Consistent N-body Constraints and a Dynamical Analysis It is smaller in radius and slightly less massive than the Sun, and so is cooler and less luminous. paper, Taxonomy of the extrasolar planet Publ. 2010 2011 The planet e's eccentricity is poorly defined; varying values between 0 and 0.4 does not significantly improve the fit, so an eccentricity of 0.2 was assumed. paper  arxiv, Carbon and Oxygen Abundances in Cool Metal-rich Exoplanet Hosts: A Case Study of the C/O Ratio of 55 Cancri 2009 2020 2009 CRIDA A., LIGI R., DORN C. & LEBRETON Y. [37] However, Dawson and Fabrycky (2010)[38] concluded that the 2.8 day planet was indeed an alias, as suggested by Wisdom (2005), and that the correct period was 0.7365 days. The star 55 Cancri, only 40 light-years distant, is visible with binoculars towards the constellation of Cancer. The 55 Cancri system was the first known to have four, and later five planets, and may possibly have more. arxiv, Secular Behavior In Multi-planet Systems: 61 Virginis, 55 Cancri, Etc. ApJ, accepted It has the Bayer designation Rho1 Cancri (ρ1 Cancri); 55 Cancri is the Flamsteed designation (abbreviated 55 Cnc). In July 2014 the International Astronomical Union launched a process for giving proper names to certain exoplanets and their host stars. paper   arxiv  55 Cancri d is an extrasolar planet in a long-period orbit around the Sun-like star 55 Cancri A.Located at a similar distance from its star as Jupiter is from our Sun, it is the fourth and outermost known planet in its planetary system. [17] The planet was discovered by measuring the star's radial velocity, which showed a periodicity of around 14.7 days corresponding to a planet at least 78% of the mass of Jupiter. ApJ., 705, 1226 [22][23]), In 2016, the IAU organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[24] to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. ApJ. 2019 HAGHIGHIPOUR N. 2008 I. Spectroscopic analysis of 348 red giants A Possible 2:1 Resonance in the Exoplanetary Triple System HD 37124 VOYATZIS G. The system consists of a K-type star (designated 55 Cancri A, also named Copernicus / k oʊ ˈ p ɜːr n ɪ k ə s /) and a smaller red dwarf (55 Cancri B). The red dwarf 55 Cancri B is of the 13th magnitude and only visible through a telescope. The four previously reported planets are strongly confirmed here. BRYDEN G., BEICHMAN C., CARPENTER J., RIEKE G., STAPELFELDT K., WERNER M., TANNER A., LAWLER S., WYATT M., TRILLING D., SU K., BLAYLOCK M. & STANSBERRY J. HARA, N., BOUÉ, G., LASKAR, J. arxiv, Theoretical Studies of Comets in the 55 Cancri System 2008 However, this does not exclude the presence of an asteroid belt or a Kuiper belt equivalent. WRIGHT J., VERAS D., FORD E., JOHNSON J., MARCY G., HOWARD A., ISSACSON H., FISCHER D., SPRONCK J., ANDERSON J. The two components are separated by an estimated distance of 1065 AU[26] (6.15 light days). PASJ 2010 & LARA P. XXI. The measurements that led to the discovery of this planet also confirmed the existence of 55 Cancri c. In 2005, Jack Wisdom combined three data sets and drew two distinct conclusions: that the 2.8 day planet was an alias and that there was a Neptune-scale planet with a period near 261 days. With a mass half that of Saturn, 55 Cancri f is likely to be a gas giant with no solid surface. paper   arxiv, Low Mg/Si planetary host stars and their Mg-depleted terrestrial planets It reveals hot storms similar in intensity to those of Jupiter. This artist's animation takes us on a journey to 55 Cancri, a star with a family of five known planets - the most planets discovered so far around a star besides our own. 2011 In 2007, Fisher et al. 2010 And as soon as the discovery of 55 Cnc f was officially announced, the claim was made that this was the first planet to be found in the habitable zone (HZ) of another star [2]. [33] Calculations gave the disk radius at least 40 AU, similar to the Kuiper belt in the Solar System, with an inclination of 25° with respect to the plane of the sky. & ZUCKER Sh. ApJ Letters, 474, L115 arxiv, 55 Cancri: Stellar Astrophysical Parameters, a Planet in the Habitable Zone, and Implications for the Radius of a Transiting Super-Earth

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