In 1987, the Territorial Sea Act[36] extended the UK maritime limit from three to 12 nautical miles (22 km). More names will be added as time goes on, as well as additional audio clips and photographs. The Mi Amigo "Top 50" tapes were flown over by helicopter to get them on board more quickly. (Gordon): For the moment from all of us, goodbye and God bless. At times, a 10 kW transmitter was used to save fuel and relieve the generators. There are a number of other names that we would like to add but have insufficient details. DJs ready to rock again at stone unveiling for Radio Caroline at Felixstowe this weekend Legendary disc jockey Emperor Rosko – one of the best known voices on radio of the 1960s and 70s – will be at … The Ross Revenge was larger than Mi Amigo and with more elaborate transmitting equipment: in 1983, two 5 kW RCA transmitters and a RCA 50 kW unit. Whittingham was unable to leave on the tender when a storm arose. [5] During summer 1973, it broadcast separate stations in English and Dutch simultaneously, on 389 m / 773 kHz and 252 m (announced as 259) / 1187 kHz. After 31 August, shows for Radio Mi Amigo were delivered on cassettes rather than reel-to-reel tapes. During Easter 2008, the station broadcast live for three days from the Ross Revenge, featuring presenters who had worked on the Mi Amigo in the late 1970s: Roger Mathews, Mike Stevens, Bob Lawrence, Brian Martin, Martin Fisher, Cliff Osbourne, Jeremy Chartham, Marc Jacobs, Ad Roberts, Dick Verheul and Kees Borrell. [5] [citation needed], In 1974, O'Rahilly set up a pop group called The Loving Awareness Band, comprising John Turnbull (guitar) and Mick Gallagher (keyboards) both formerly of Skip Bifferty and two session musicians, Norman Watt-Roy (bass) and Charlie Charles (drums). Radio Caroline North = 10kW (later 20kW). Initially this was a minor inconvenience as the 300-foot (91 m) mast was thought sturdy enough. "[38] In a 1995 article for the pressure group Charter88, Steve McGann commented: "Whether Caroline was right to maintain her defiance for so many years is irrelevant. From the anchorage in the Knock Deep the Mi Amigo's mast could be seen on the horizon. I hope for Caroline enthusiasts that you will enjoy this set. During 2013, a survey showed a continued move from satellite reception and growth in internet listening. These broadcasts took place between 1970 and 1973.[18]. Radio Caroline South's 259 metres signal was now near those of Radio London on 266m (1133 kHz) and the BBC's Light Programme on 247m (1214 kHz). Later, some programmes were pre-recorded on land and broadcast simultaneously from both ships. For the first years, advertising on the station was in demand. One DJ, Tom Lodge, even took his long-term partner on board with him, who apparently used to walk around the boat wearing see-through negligee. [23], Between 11 and 20 April 1973, the ship broadcast for Radio Veronica while its ship, the Norderney, was aground. Six weeks later, the BBC introduced its new national pop station Radio 1, modelled largely on the successful offshore station Radio London, and employed many of the ex-pirate DJs. Music plays as we are given a little tour of the ship. This is the official Facebook page of Radio Caroline, Europe's 1st album station. At its peak, the station had 23 million listeners. In March 1964, The Fortunes recorded Caroline, which became the station's theme. [7] On a fund-raising trip to the U.S., O'Rahilly reportedly saw a Life magazine photograph of Kennedy and his children in the Oval Office that served as the inspiration for the name "Caroline Radio". [42] Dedicated apps for listening via Apple IOS[51] and Android[52] devices are also available. Today the paintwork is peeling, the … The station has subsequently broadcast on 531 kHz AM from the Ross Revenge during some bank holiday weekends, beginning on 28–31 August 2009 and also within a few days of the 50th anniversary of the ship's first voyage. O'Rahilly promised financial backing if van Dam could return the ship to broadcasting condition. [16] The Manx parliament, the Tynwald, attempted to exclude the North ship from the legislation, appealing to the European Court on the legality of the act being applied to the Isle of Man. A brief name change from Radio North Sea International during the UK General Election campaign, after which the station reverted to its original name. In July Caroline moved to the adjacent channel, 962 kHz (312 metres but still called 319) and reception in the UK improved. Throughout most of the 1970s, Radio Caroline could be heard only at night, calling itself "Europe's first and only album station". On 4 May 2015, Radio Caroline started a 24-hour "Flashback" webstream[54] carrying "oldies" music and jingles. Non-Dutch staff were given the option of staying on the ship or returning to the Netherlands – most chose to stay on board. Since 19 August 2000, Radio Caroline has also broadcast 24 hours a day via the internet and by the occasional restricted service licence. THE SIXTIES DJ DIRECTORY. From December 1984 the Ross Revenge broadcast Radio Monique, recorded and live Dutch-language programmes of a Dutch music radio production company using the 50 kW transmitter during daytime. Another RSL broadcast ran from 7 August until 3 September 2004, with the ship moored at the cruise liner terminal jetty at Tilbury in Essex. In 1972, MV Mi Amigo was bought for her scrap value at auction by enthusiast Gerard van Dam, who intended to use her as a free radio museum. Original 1960s Caroline North jingles were interspersed with generic Radio Caroline ones. On Saturday, 28 March, it began regular broadcasting at noon on 1520 kHz (announced as 199 metres) with the opening conducted by Simon Dee. [2] At its peak, the station had 23 million listeners. News at peak hours: 7, 8, 9 am, 1 pm; 5, 6, 7 pm, with headlines at 6:30 am, 7:30 am and 8:30 am. Radio Seagull became Radio Caroline on 23 February 1974, retaining the album format. [35] The remaining 5 kW transmitter was later converted for short wave use. Finally, Radio Mi Amigo moved to 962 kHz on 1 December. Tony Prince pays his respect to RONAN O’RAHILLY, Founder of Radio Caroline who sadly passed away today the 20th of april 2020. They were towed to Amsterdam by a salvage company to secure unpaid bills for servicing by the Dutch tender company Wijsmuller Transport[5], Because of the rise of land-based pirate stations after the MOA became law (usually stations run from bedrooms or outdoor sheds with small wattage transmitters), at least two stations broadcast using the Caroline name, one based in Dublin. The radio channel was founded by her brother and she soon became one of the most loved radio personalities. Radio Caroline's first musical theme was Jimmy McGriff's "Round Midnight", a jazz standard co-composed by Thelonious Monk. This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 01:50. In June 1990, Spectrum Radio, a new multi-ethnic community radio station in London, was officially allocated 558 kHz. Over the following months, Caroline's signal quality improved as transmitting valves were donated and programming returned to normal. In 2002, Caroline began on WorldSpace satellite radio, continuing until Worldspace went bankrupt and re-organised its operations in 2008. Broadcasting hours were 6 am to 6 pm to avoid competition from Radio Luxembourg, which began transmissions at 6 pm. Radio Caroline, the former offshore radio station, now sending multiple music streams on the internet, also local full time DAB and regional AM on special weekends. In November 1991, the ship lost its anchor in a storm and drifted on to the Goodwin Sands in the Channel. One of Radio Caroline's directors, Major Oliver Smedley, formerly of Radio Atlanta, entered a partnership with Radio City's owner, pop group manager Reginald Calvert and installed a more powerful transmitter on the fort. Radio Caroline's first programme, on 28 March 1964, was presented by Chris Moore. [5] The TV operation was later found to be a publicity stunt.[22]. The first record played was Fool (If You Think It's Over), by Chris Rea, dedicated to the British Home Office. On 31 July 2014 the ship was moved to the Blackwater Estuary in Essex.[43]. It was launched at Easter 1964 when Simon Dee was its first ever DJ. One would circle over the North Sea in international air space near the United Kingdom, while the other remained on standby. Each of his crew was awarded The Thanks of the Institution on vellum. On 2 July 1964, Radio Atlanta and Radio Caroline's companies, Project Atlanta and Planet Productions, announced the stations were to merge, with Crawford and O'Rahilly as joint managing directors. The DJs climb off one ship onto the other. The crew was rescued by a RAF helicopter. Meanwhile, Radio Mi Amigo had interference on 1562 kHz and changed to 1412 kHz (212 m). Programmes were presented by current and former DJs from the BBC, ILR, Ireland, Luxembourg, offshore and land-based pirate stations, and other international and freelance backgrounds, including Tony Prince and Emperor Rosko. Later that day, the Dutch Royal Navy returned the crew and fighting broke out on board. (Gordon): I think we'll be back in one way or another. Picture: ARCHANT LIBRARY - Credit: dave kindred Lodge hired new DJs and introduced free-form programming which, by August 1966, had succeeded, creating an audience of 23 million. 15 August 1967 following passage of the Marine Offences Act, Broadcasting from various locations offshore to Western Europe. A coastguard vessel escorted the launch back to shore, but the authorities were unhappy that Caroline listeners had jammed the emergency switchboards. Caroline also promoted O'Rahilly's concept of Loving Awareness (LA), a far-eastern philosophy of love and peace. A record is cued up. Presentations were made to US advertising agencies. Radio Caroline continued on satellite but required manual tuning. Two (Radio 270 and Radio London) of the remaining four UK-based offshore stations closed, but the two Caroline ships continued with their supply operation moved to Netherlands waters, where unlicensed ship-based broadcasting was not outlawed until 1974. [13] Presenters Tony Blackburn, Roger Gale, Mike Allen, Ray Teret, Roger Day, Simon Dee, Tony Prince, Spangles Muldoon, Keith Skues, Johnnie Walker, Robbie Dale, Dave Lee Travis, Tommy Vance, Tom Edwards, Paul Noble, Bob Stewart and Andy Archer became well known. Daytime programming was leased to a community radio service called Puketapu Radio on 756 kHz. 50 kW (second 10 kW transmitter later added). On 5 November 1990, lack of fuel and supplies forced the station to stop transmitting. On 18 August, a British government chartered ship pulled up alongside the Ross Revenge and asked to board to "discuss the future" of the Ross Revenge and the stations operating from it. Programmes were recorded on land and broadcast between 6 a.m. and 7 p.m. March 1964 Radio Caroline is founded by the Irish businessman Ronan O'Rahilly in international waters off Felixstowe. [56], From 31 March to 27 April 2014, a Caroline North tribute station, based on the Planet Lightship berthed in the Albert Dock complex on Liverpool's waterfront, broadcast locally on 87.7FM and on the internet. However, in October 1987 a massive storm hit southern England, causing deaths and severe damage. [19] It was not until RNI returned to its original anchorage off the Netherlands that the jamming ceased. In the evenings, Radio Caroline transmitted Dutch and American religious evangelist broadcasters such as Johan Maasbach and Roy Masters on medium wave, and later on short wave, under the name Viewpoint 963/819, or World Mission Radio (WMR) on short wave. The Radio Caroline DJs, including David Lee Travis and Tony Blackburn, were photographed at Walton police station in Essex after their ship ran aground in 1966. Radio Caroline is a British radio station founded in 1964 by Ronan O'Rahilly initially to circumvent the record companies' control of popular music broadcasting in the United Kingdom and the BBC's radio broadcasting monopoly. Commercial programming commenced at noon on Friday 22 December 2017, with a signal that could be heard as far afield as Southampton, Birmingham, Glasgow and in large parts of The Netherlands and Belgium. To accommodate the second aerial, a second short mast, just in front of the bridge, was employed as the other end of the aerial fixed to the main mast. This service was Radio Seagull and broadcast live during the evening. When Radio Monique hired the main transmitter, spare parts were taken from a fourth transmitter to convert the 5 kW into a 10 kW unit, the RCA 5 and 10 kW transmitters having similar designs. (iii)558 kHz: strict pop and oldies mainstream format (no presenter music choice) with strict adherence to format clocks. [citation needed]. In October 1965, negotiations began for Radio Caroline to take over Radio City, which broadcast from Shivering Sands Army Fort, a Second World War marine fort off the Kent[5] coast. Listen without limits with BBC Sounds. For several months only one transmitter could be used, leading to the loss of the income-generating Radio Monique, although a substitute Dutch daytime service, Radio 558 (later Radio 819), was eventually established. Radio Caroline lobbied against the Labour Party, for the Conservative Party and for the introduction of licensed commercial radio in the United Kingdom. Belgian courts sentenced Tack and some DJs to fines and jail in absentia, although the prison terms were later cancelled. Later in 1973, when the contract with Radio Caroline ended, the crew of Radio Atlantis moved to their own ship, the MV Jeanine.[5]. Because commercial radio was prohibited in Belgium, Radio Mi Amigo had little competition from the former BRT State Radio and TV (today VRT Flemisch State radio and TV) and became very popular in Belgium, the Netherlands and the UK. [59], In January 2002, a Dutch Caroline fan called Sietse Brouwer launched a Netherlands-based Dutch Radio Caroline in Harlingen, broadcasting on the northern Netherlands cable networks and largely independent of UK Caroline. The transmitter was initially too powerful for the antenna insulators. Because of a law that allows pirates in distress to come ashore without arrest, the running aground had no consequences for the crew. The band broke up in 1977; Watt-Roy and Charles played on Ian Dury's New Boots and Panties!! DJs choose records and reply to fan letters. Dutch nationals were arrested and returned to the Netherlands, together with most of the broadcasting equipment. DJs Chris Cary, broadcasting as Spangles Muldoon (who was also station manager), Roger 'Twiggy' Day, Andy Archer, Paul Alexander, Steve England, Johnny Jason and Peter Chicago (real name Peter Murtha)[23] manned the station. Caroline can be heard on DAB+ in Aldershot, Birmingham, Cambridge, Brighton, Glasgow, Norwich, London,[2] Portsmouth, Poulton-le-Fylde and Woking. This request, and one to stop transmissions on 819 kHz, was refused. Lord Annan, author of the 1977 Report of the Committee on the Future of Broadcasting, spoke in defence of Radio Caroline in the House of Lords at report stage on the Broadcasting Act 1990, saying "Why break a butterfly upon the wheel? [29] During this period each night transmission of Radio Caroline started with Calling Occupants of Interplanetary Craft by the progressive Rock Band Klaatu, issued in 1976 on their album 3:47 E.S.T. During a violent struggle, Calvert was shot dead. The station restarted just before Christmas as Radio 199 but soon became Radio Caroline, with a Top 40 format. In mid-September 1965, the crew and DJs on MV Mi Amigo were joined for the weekend by 1960s pop singer Sylvan Whittingham, who visited the ship to promote her single "We Don't Belong". On 3 March 1977, Caroline closed, announcing that it would return six days later on 319 metres. The Ross Revenge was salvaged and brought into harbour in Dover, ending 27 years of Radio Caroline's unlicensed offshore career. Just after midnight GMT on 20 March 1980, the Mi Amigo foundered in a storm after losing its anchor and drifting. [50] Surveys in 2008 and 2010 showed a small percentage listened via Sky, and that satellite listening had dropped by 9% since 2008, while online listening had increased by around 40%. On 30 August 1974 Mi Amigo moved from the Dutch coast to the Knock Deep Channel, approximately 12 miles (19 km) from the British coast. [citation needed], In Spain, a station broadcast during the summer 2009 on 102.7 MHz in the Costa Blanca from studios in Benidorm. The featured djs include Rob Eden and Harvey the Rabbit and they are assisted by lots of very heavy metal rock music and, of course, Santa Claus. He was also heard on BBC Radio Merseyside. Several years later some of the seized items were returned to the station. He intended to starve them out by making it an offence … During the 70’s and 80’s the was the main personality of an underground radio channel that was the first ever station owned by a black person. Legal status unclear due to a need to conceal actual legal ownership. In late 1972, Radio Caroline had money problems. I recently emailed Radio Caroline to ask where their studios are located since they moved out of The Maidstone Studios. The station was opened by DJ Tom Anderson, who had said "goodbye" from the sinking Mi Amigo in 1980.[34]. Radio Caroline, once home to DJs such as Tony blackburn, pictured here on board the Mi Amigo in 1965, is returning to the airwaves. Rough weather sometimes prevented tapes from arriving and old programmes had to be repeated. Currently they also broadcast on DAB radio in certain areas of the UK: these services are part of the Ofcom small-scale DAB+ trials. [28] Radio Caroline returned to the air on 15 April 1979. Caroline's album format meant that, although the station served a gap in the market, its audience was smaller than in the 1960s. [5] The Cheeta II was equipped for FM broadcasting, so it was fitted with the 10 kW transmitter from the Mi Amigo, feeding a makeshift antenna. In Timaru, an NZBC station, originally 3XC, later 3ZC, broadcast as Radio Caroline until 1995. 1980s: [23] The ship anchored off the Dutch coastal resort of Scheveningen and was serviced and operated from the Netherlands. It's the first pirate station … Radio Caroline Ltd. and Caroline Support Group (originally called the Ross Revenge Support Group). “…and good morning everyone! In May 2017, Ofcom awarded the station an AM band community licence to broadcast to Suffolk and north Essex;[3] full-time broadcasting, via a previously redundant BBC World Service transmitter mast at Orford Ness, commenced on 22 December 2017.[4]. But in 1980 he returned as manager and regular DJ on Sunshine 101, which became one of the most popular pirate stations in the Republic Of Ireland, until unlicensed radio was outlawed in the country in 1988. Radio Caroline was begun by Irish musician manager and businessman Ronan O'Rahilly, after he failed to obtain airplay on Radio Luxembourg for Georgie Fame's records because the station was committed to sponsored programmes promoting major record labels: EMI, Decca, Pye and Philips. Having to manoeuvre the lifeboat alongside the stricken vessel 13 times in high seas and a north-easterly gale earned Coxswain Charles Bowry an RNLI Silver Medal. At this time Caroline was still broadcasting from the North Sea. In 2011 Radio Caroline joined Radioplayer UK, an internet service formed by the BBC, Global Radio and the Guardian Media Group that supplies a live feed of UK radio stations to across the world.[53]. The medium wave frequency was 235 metres (1278 kHz) and programmes were sent through ISDN landline to Maidstone and via the internet and broadcast on satellite. Radio Caroline's transmission output was almost 20 kW, achieved by linking two 10 kW Continental Electronics transmitters. The ship was further delayed by hull damage, and repaired before writs could be issued. Caroline returned on 9 March 1977 on 953 kHz, actually 315 metres but announced as 319. We broadcast around the world using multiple internet streams in crystal clear stereo. When Laser returned as Laser Hot Hits, it used Caroline's former and inferior frequency of 576 kHz. Programmes were still heard on satellite until the provider replaced the signal with a 1 kHz tone on the morning of 1 October 2013. Engineer Peter Chicago had hidden transmitter parts during the raid and retuned one 5 kW transmitter, previously used on short-wave, to 558 kHz. They feature the Caroline Roadshow, a rock event linked to Radio Caroline. The Mi Amigo returned to its Frinton-on-Sea anchorage with a redesigned antenna and a new 50 kW transmitter and attempted to resume broadcasting on 18 April, nominally on 259 metres to enable the same jingles as Radio Caroline North on 1169 kHz to be used, but actually 252 metres. The only broadcast staff on board were Tom Lodge and Jerry Leighton. [10] The first programme, which was pre-recorded, was hosted by Chris Moore. The Mi Amigo was tendered clandestinely from Britain, France, Belgium and the Netherlands. On Monday August 14th 1967, Radio Caroline continued broadcasting to the UK and Europe, even though the British Government had brought in a bill to end "Pirate Radio". News service at peak hours. Beginning in 1975, the cassettes were transported from Playa d'Aro on the Europa Bus service, which carried people from Amsterdam to Madrid at low prices. However, according to Gerry Bishop's book Offshore Radio this transmitter was antiquated and failed to work. Radio Caroline continued, moving its headquarters and servicing operation to Spain. Her story illustrates how uniquely dangerous government regards an independent voice transmitted over unrestricted airwaves and to what ends it will go to silence it."[39]. Dale was one of the DJs on Radio Caroline on 14 August 1967 with Johnnie Walker, when the Marine Broadcasting Offences Act came into effect. The name was taken from Caroline Bay, a popular recreation area nearby. DJs ready to rock again at stone unveiling for Radio Caroline at Felixstowe this weekend Legendary disc jockey Emperor Rosko – one of the best known voices on radio of the 1960s and 70s – will be at Felixstowe this weekend for a special celebration of Radio Caroline. Smedley's trial opened on 11 October at Chemlsford Assizes, where the jury acquitted him.[5]. Broadcasters included Tony Christian, Pawl "Hound Dog" Shanley, Dave Fox, Simon West, Dale Richardson and Peter D.[citation needed]. [citation needed], When the US-backed Radio London arrived off the coast of England, there was an unsuccessful attempt to merge its sales operation with that of Caroline before Radio London started transmissions. During mid-August 1989, authorities in several European countries carried out co-ordinated raids on houses, recording studios and offices believed to be used by Caroline. One 5 kW transmitter was initially not serviceable. The Radio Caroline name was used to broadcast from international waters, using five different ships with three different owners, from 1964 to 1990, and via satellite from 1998 to 2013. [citation needed]. The founder of Radio Caroline - the first pirate radio station off the UK - … The Fredericia was renamed MV Caroline and anchored off Felixstowe, Suffolk, where it began test transmissions on Friday, 27 March 1964. DJs could choose ordering of oldies – all current pop hits in strict rotation. On 1 September, a small motor launch had difficulties in rough seas. [citation needed]. Smedley's men occupied the fort until 22 June. Who's DJ theme was this on Radio Caroline in the 60's - then went on to Radio 1? The Dutch claimed the ship's Panamanian registration had lapsed in 1987 and it was not under legal protection from any country and that its transmissions breached international regulations which since 1982 had prohibited broadcasting from outside national territories. At midnight, Caroline DJ's Johnnie Walker and Robbie Dale, along with newsreader … Radio Caroline was off the air for most of the 1990s, except for occasional low-power broadcasts of one month. Pellentesque porttitor velit sapieni malesuada risusin placerat donec pretium mauris a lacus suscipit, vitaey elementum arcu feugiat. The Radio Caroline "album" station has been streamed on the internet for many years, accessible via the station's website, with more streams on various devices. Broadcasting was in Dutch and English by day and in English at night, although for the first few months broadcasting finished at 10 p.m. On 19 January 1979, the ageing ship took in water and a lifeboat was called to rescue the crew members. Eventually, Caroline left 558 kHz and moved to 819 kHz. Don was Senior DJ on Caroline North from the introduction of the Marine Offences Act until the station's closure when he joined Manx Radio. On 9 August 1985, an official vessel anchored 150 yards from the Ross Revenge. Since November 2009 Radio Seagull can be heard periodically on 558 kHz in London. [1] Dale was one of the DJs on Radio Caroline on 14 August 1967 with Johnnie Walker, when the Marine Broadcasting Offences Act came into effect. Furthermore, it was stated that the pirates' use of wavelengths also broke international agreements. There were also plenty of DJs that visited the Radio Caroline from the USA and overseas, including Emperor Rosko, Graham Webb, Keith Hampshire, and Colin Nicol. [3][4] He also wrote the 1969 single "Soul Entertainer" for the funk-soul band Respect. Since September 2015, Radio Caroline has been broadcasting 'live' for one weekend each month[55] as "Radio Caroline North" (with original DJs and a mixed sixties, seventies and eighties music content and jingles) from its former home the MV Ross Revenge on the Blackwater Estuary in Essex, via Manx Radio's 1368 kHz 20 kW transmitter on the Isle of Man. On 12 June 2006, the station bought an EPG slot on Sky channel 0199. [31], The Mi Amigo's 160-foot (49 m) mast remained erect for six years. Broadcasting from various offshore locations to Western Europe, Status unclear and mainly operated by supporters, Radio Atlantis 1973 and Radio Mi-Amigo 1974–1978, Geographic areas bordering upon North Sea, 963 kHz (wavelength announced as "319" metres) later moving to 819 kHz with additional transmitter in 531–594 kHz range (principally 558 kHz). It was renamed Radio Caroline South and MV Mi Amigo remained off Frinton-on-Sea while MV Caroline broadcast as Radio Caroline North. Three British nationals, a Dutchman and their canary (named Wilson after the former Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson) were rescued. When it was launched with Teddy Johnson as the DJ in 1948, it was about a decade ahead of the BBC, who started Pick of The Pops in 1955, but which didn't begin an actual Top 20 until March, 1958 with David Jacobs. In 1967, the UK Government enacted the Marine, &c., Broadcasting (Offences) Act 1967, outlawing advertising on or supplying an unlicensed offshore radio station from the UK. Were delivered on cassettes rather than reel-to-reel tapes later 3ZC, broadcast Radio. Would continue by hull damage, and some DJs to fines and jail in absentia, although the prison were!, the Fortunes recorded Caroline, with a less powerful signal almost 20 kW, achieved by two. At Easter 1964 when Simon Dee was later converted for short wave 6.215 MHz was with. Of an abstract concept ( named Wilson after the closedown of Radio 1. ” Wonderful Radio 1 had.. 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