Sultanas are golden in color and tend to be much plumper, sweeter, and altogether juicier than other raisins. Currants are naturally dried like raisins, which gives them their dark color. Currants are dark red and have a slightly chewy texture. However, they are not tart like red currants, but rather quite sweet. Currant definition is - a small seedless raisin originally grown chiefly in the eastern Mediterranean. Most climates are friendly to currants, which thrive under lower light conditions. They are also not as juicy. If they're not raisins, I think it's time for me to try them! These plants also have a strong will to live and have been known to propagate themselves from cuttings. In addition to being smaller than raisins, currants have a subtler and slightly more tart flavor. The ban in the US mentioned was news to me! The most common colors are black, red and white. Crusader black currants are a rust-resistant variety that consistently produces medium-sized fruit. Quinn believed that currants could revitalize family farms in New York state by providing a source of income through a somewhat unusual berry. You will even find them in chutneys and curries making them, without a doubt, one of the most versatile ingredients in the kitchen. Crusader is resistant to white pine blister rust. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and Dried currants are not related to the fresh berry also called a currant. Red currants are used to make pies, jams and more. Raisin is a dry fruit that comes from dried grapes and is loved all over the world for its sweet and tart flavor. Pick up any baking recipe where dried fruits are involved and there is no way of avoiding the three stalwarts of raisins, currants, and sultanas. Yum! Native to the Northern Hemisphere, these plants have been cultivated throughout Europe and Asia for centuries. That means they store well and break down slower. These three are used extensively in traditional British and Irish cakes and puddings. See more. Anon41597 - Blackcurrants are not sweet until cooked. After grapes undergo the drying process, they shrink in size and what you get is a nutrient-dense dried fruit that has more vitamins, minerals, fiber , and electrolytes than normal grapes. Currants are made by drying black or dark red seedless grapes. Zante currants, Corinth raisins, or simply currants outside of the US, are raisins of the small, sweet, seedless grape cultivar Black Corinth (Vitis vinifera). currant definition: 1. a small, black dried grape without seeds, used especially in cakes: 2. a small, round fruit…. To the best of my knowledge the bushes still exist on the farm which was purchased and kept mostly the same since I was a child. Currants, sultanas and raisins are small, sweet, dried fruits that come from different varieties of vine-grown grapes. I've seen these things that look like giant black currants. You will find them in many guises but they are the main players in both a Christmas cake or Christmas pudding, and mince pies would be nothing without them. Raisins (Image credit: Kelli Foster) You will find them in classic dishes like Spotted Dick or an Eccles cake. Currants are often used in freshly-baked scones, sprinkled over salads or stirred into a traditional hot cross bun recipe. Since the berries are about the same size as the raisins, the name currant was … Subscribe to our newsletter and learn something new every day. As long as they are protected from a hard freeze with plenty of mulch around their roots, these plants will live to bear fruit year after year. They are used commonly in cakes and desserts. Also known as golden raisins, sultanas will absorb other flavors, but not as well as regular raisins. Definitely not blueberries. You will find them in classic dishes like Spotted Dick or an Eccles cake. just purchased a jar of currant jam. Are they simply the same thing but with just a different colored skin? He also helped to breed varieties of currant that would be resistant to the parasitic white pine blister rust, demonstrating that these plants could be cultivated without threatening the U.S. timber industry. True currants are small berries that grow on shrubs and are more like gooseberries. The black ones are used for preserves, syrups and liqueurs; while the red and white berries are for … It will be delicious on a hot biscuit. The berries are smaller than a blueberry. The grapes are small and seedless. To be classified as a currant, the bush must be in the genus Ribes . Grapes belong to the genus Vitus and Currants belong to the genus Ribes. Join me on a Wild Herb Walk or a Wild Edible Plants class (check my Event calendar) and/or check out my book Wild Herb Card Decks. To be classified as a currant, the bush must be in the genus Ribes. Greg Quinn, a farmer in New York, helped overturn the ban in 2003 with the assistance of state lawmakers. Black currants are one of the best natural sources of vitamin C. They beat all citrus fruits combined, and during the times of World War II, this berry literally saved thousands of lives in Britain. They are dried, dark red, seedless grapes often called the Black Corinth grape. Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the Currants, also called Zante currants or Black Corinth raisins, are dried berries that come from seedless Black Corinth grapes. • Currants are much darker and smaller than raisins. Plus, if you add to the issue that different countries use different names, it can become even more confusing. These berries also lend themselves well to savory dishes, because the tart flavor makes a strong contrast. My great-grandfather raised them and sold the berries in market (both red and white currants) since before my mother was born and until he died in 1982. Planting is usually done in th… It is also known as Corinthian raisins.In United States, currents are known as Zante currants.Sometimes, the word currant is also used to indicate any type of red, white, or blackberry from the gooseberry species of fruits. If you're talking about Zante Currants (often shortened to currants), they are in fact dried grapes (just a smaller grape). Currants and gooseberries are the chief agencies in the spread of the white-pine blister rust, a destructive disease of the five-leaved pines in Europe and America. They prefer damp, fertile but not waterlogged ground and are intolerant of drought. The answer is no. Fresh black, red, pink, or white currants, as well as dried black currants, can be enjoyed in various ways. Dried currants make good decoration for gingerbread cookies, and are delicious stirred into scone dough. Raisins are dried white Moscatel grapes. Native to the Northern Hemisphere, these plants have been cultivated throughout Europe and Asia for centuries. Currants are the rarest variety of the three. They are, in fact, very different and each brings their qualities to the baking party. spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors. The berries tend to be thicker skinned than some others, with a higher acid level. The ribes currants should not be confused with the dried currant used in cakes and puddings, which is a small-fruited cultivar of grape, called Zante currant. Currants (the raisin kind) traditionally came from Corinth, Greece which shipped small raisins (dried grapes) throughout Europe. About three weeks of drying time is required for the grapes to become what is known as currants. The leaves look right, the fruit grows the same, same color, same little bit of ex flower on the bottom of the berry as a currant has, except they're large and very sweet. With a sweet and bright acidic berry flavor, currants are delicious when eaten fresh. The grapes were originally cultivated in the south of Greece and more specifically, the island of Zante, hence the name Zante currant, used in the United States. Currants are native to temperate regions across the globe, including North America, Asia and Europe. In some places, the dried fruits sold at grocery stores as “currants” are actually dried Zante raisins from Greece. Umid Mamadaminov / publicdomainpictures.net, Traditional British Christmas Cake Recipe, The 10 Best Fruitcakes to Order Online in 2021, Johannisbeeren and Schwarze Johannisbeeren - Red and Black Currant, British Christmas Cooking Questions Answered, Thai Fried Rice With Pineapple and Prawns. Here is a summary of findings (alongside the references) for existing randomized controlled trials investigating the potential benefits of black currants in this area: Although the bushes are winter hardy, frosts during the flowering period may adversely affect the yield and cold winds may restrict the number of flying insects visiting and pollinating the flowers. The word “currant” is a corruption of “Corinth”. I also want to know what they are. Currants are high in vitamin C, phosphorus, calcium and iron. Currant is a berry that you can find in different colors. Currants and raisins, along with close relative sultanas, are all naturally sweet dried fruits made from different varieties of raisins. The tastiest wild currants I have eaten were orange fruited currants growing near Jackson Hole, Wyoming. They can be found at farmers’ markets and a few grocery stores from June through August. Firstly, the currants talked about here are a dried fruit and should not be confused with soft fruit currants such as black currants. The name currant comes from the ancient city of Corinth. Currants are dried Black Corinth or Carina grapes. CURRANTS Ribes spp. Moreover, they are essential ingredients in Christmas cakes and Christmas puddings. The main producers of the Moscatel grapes are the United States, Turkey, Greece, and Australia. The grapes are dried to produce a black, shriveled, sweet, flavor-packed fruit. Want to learn about more wild edible plants? True black and red currants (different from Zante currants) tend to be tarter and grow on bushes rather than sultanas and raisins which grow on vines. Elaine Lemm is a renowned British food writer, classically trained chef, teacher, and author with over 25 years of experience writing about British food and cooking. Raisins can (unlike currants) soak up other flavors, which is why it is popular to soak raisins in flavored alcohols such as brandy or almond-flavored Amaretto before using in cooking. Black currants are known to be muskier, so look for berries that are firm and plump. Currants, also known as “Zante currants,” are tiny, dried grapes. The plants also are used decoratively in some gardens. The fresh, tart flavor is excellent in fresh fruit dishes and can be used to make jams and preserves. They are dried, dark red, seedless grapes often called the Black Corinth grape. There are two distinct fruits which are called currants: (1) the dried zante grape; like a raisin, it is used in baked goods and (2) a fresh tiny berry related to the gooseberry. For this reason, many Americans confuse Zante raisins with currants. A pHof about 6 is ideal for blackcurrants and the ground can be limed if the soil is too acidic. In the United States, commercial cultivation of currants was banned until 2003 because of concerns that they could harbor a disease that had the potential to devastate American timber stocks. Maybe you have blueberries? The berries should be plump, glossy and a little bit firm when they are purchased, and they can be stored for as long as three days under refrigeration. Saxifragaceae Common Names: Currant (English), Johannisbeere (German), Ribes (Danish, Swedish, Italian), Groseille (French), Bes (Flemish). The U.S. ban on currants was put in place in 1911 out of concerns about a plant disease called white pine blister rust, which uses currants as an alternate host. Currants are the freshest in June and July. Currants contains lot of It was believed that eradicating currants would help with the problem. Gardeners with less space sometimes train the bush to grow on trellises and other supports, creating a vine-like plant instead of a shrub. • Small golden color raisins are called sultanas. What is Currants? They are green on the inside. Currant definition, a small seedless raisin, produced chiefly in California and in the Levant, and used in cookery and confectionery. Primm Springs, Tennessee. Exactly like a very large sweet currant. Currants have an intense, tart flavor. Raisins have some phytonutrients, most notably boron but raisins contain fewer phenols than grapes since many of grape’s phenols are largely lost in the conversion of grapes to raisins through the grape drying process. When you’re picking out currants, look for ones that are bright in color, translucent, and firm. Zante currants are more easy to find in stores than black currants. Black currants are a bit smaller, sour, and are exceptionally high in antioxidants such as anthocyanins and phenolic acids, according to studies. I have what I think are black currants growing wild on my property. In North America, several Native American groups ate the over 75 different currants native to the continent. Ostrich - Currents are similar to raisins but hey are sweeter and don't have as strong a taste as raisins. So, currants were the only food source of this essential nutrient. Blackcurrants can grow well on sandy or heavy loams, or forest soils, as long as their nutrient requirements are met. Currants and raisins have both similarities and differences. Turkey is the main producer of sultanas. When they are dried the result is a dark, dried fruit much like a currant, making it dense in texture and bursting with a sweet flavor. I've always been told that currants were small raisins, and I can't stand raisins so I never tried currants. Currants, also called Zante currants or Black Corinth raisins, are dried berries that come from seedless Black Corinth grapes. Is this possible? Black currant is also a plant that is used to make a therapeutic oil, derived from the leaves, fruit and flowers of the plant. They came from the third largest Ionian Island called Zakýnthos, which is often called Zante. A sultana is a dried white grape, but of the seedless variety. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. Raisins vs Currants • Currants have tart flavor, whereas raisins are sweet in flavor. If you're talking about Blackcurrant (the fruit used to make Cassis), they are a berry from a shrub. The currants mentioned here are the dark, black currants popular in cakes. Currants are glossy red or black berries that grow on thornless upright shrubs. Learn more. A true currant grows in a shrub form and is extremely hardy. Currants are glossy red or black berries that grow on thornless upright shrubs. Some recipes suggest plumping the dried currants before use. Firstly, the currants talked about here are a dried fruit and should not be confused with soft fruit currants such as black currants. The currants mentioned here are the dark, black currants popular in cakes. exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. The English word 'currant' has been used for this fruit only since 1550, taken from the fruit's resemblance to the dried currants of Greece, raisins made from a small seedless grape. Black currants are a rich source of anthocyanins, a type of flavonoid polyphenol thought to benefit exercise performance and recovery . I didn't read the jar and thought I was getting blackberry jam. The red currant bush has lobed leaves and a rapid growth habit, maturing very quickly into a small shrub. The name comes from the Anglo-French phrase "raisins de Corinthe" (grapes of Corinth) and the Ionian island of Zakynthos (Zante), which was once the major producer and exporter. The raisins can hold the flavor making the finished dish even tastier. What are Currants, dried? It is believed that the name “currant” is a corruption of Corinth and might have originated when the raisins were first imported into the U.S. during the 1920s. True Black Currants are amazing! At that time, transporting fruits to the island was impossible. Dried Zante grapes called dried currants are used as a snack food or in cereals, stuffings, muffins or other baked goods. Raisins, sultanas, and Zante currants are all sweet dried fruits that stem from different varieties of vine-grown grapes, while currants really are a fresh bush-grown berry that is tart rather than sweet. In the UK and Ireland, they are simply called currants. Other names for currants are Zante currants, Corinth raisins, or Corinthian raisins. The raisins are much smaller and more flavorful than conventional raisins, and they are a popular addition to currant cake and other slightly savory dessert items. So are they interchangeable? Currents are black, red, or white. The common garden black currant is the favourite host of the blister rust. It tastes very good. Currants are also sold dried, but they’re not as readily available as sultanas and raisins. Sultanas, raisins, and currants, despite their differences in appearance, taste, and texture, have more or less the same nutrition profile. Zante currants are the dried form of an ancient Greek grape variety properly called the Black Corinth, Vitis vinifera, the smallest of the seedless grapes. The best time for currants is late spring through late summer. 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