R(D)SVS was the first UK veterinary school to offer an on-campus Applied Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare Masters in 1990, and has continued to strengthen its partnership with the SRUC to build a team of internationally acclaimed animal welfare specialists. You can find a more detailed summary of animal welfare laws in the UK before and after Brexit in Brexit - getting the best for animals (PDF 4.24MB). A ‘regulated procedure’ in ASPA is any test, experiment or other procedure done to a ‘protected animal’ which may cause them pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm which is equivalent to, or higher than, that caused by the introduction of a needle in accordance with good veterinary practice. The animal health law is part of a package of measures proposed by the Commission in May 2013 to strengthen the enforcement of health and safety standards for the whole agri-food chain. These cookies do not store any personal information. A sig… The RSPCA are a charitable organisation and they do not have any specialist powers or powers similar to the police so any prosecutions they bring are considered a private prosecution. This is defined in Section 2A of ASPA 2012: This means that when a scientist applies for a licence to conduct animal experiments, they must explain why there is no scientifically satisfactory non-animal methodology that can be used instead of an animal experiment. Animal Art by Lisa Ann Watkins (LAW). Animal Free Research UK supports the principle that the Government must ensure non-animal scientific methods are developed and used. The European Union has advocated animal welfare for more than 40 years and is widely recognised as a global leader, with some of the world’s best animal welfare standards. Find out how the legislation protects wildlife, pets as well as farm and laboratory animals. Find out more about A-law's current and past training seminars and events. UK Wildlife Law ©Luke Massey/2020VISION Below are some of the Acts and legislation that protects wildlife and wild places in the UK - scroll to the bottom of the page for a more comprehensive list. On this episode of the Animal Law Podcast, I welcome Laura Fox, Staff Attorney for Farm Animal Protection at The Humane Society of the United States, to talk about the 4th Circuit's decision in McKiver v Murphy Brown, which has created quite a stir in the animal law world. The main piece of animal protection legislation in the UK is the Animal Welfare Act 2006, which came into force in 2007, and applies to England and Wales. The Secretary of State may make grants to any person concerned with the development, promotion or validation of alternative strategies. We prefer the term ‘replacement’ to ‘alternative’ because it makes our position clearer. According to ASPA, a ‘protected animal’ is any living vertebrate other than humans and any living cephalopod. The process of obtaining a project licence includes researchers defining the level of suffering animals are likely to experience in each experiment. However, the burden of proof that the 3Rs have been considered falls on the applicant. The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (ASPA) regulates the conditions under which animal testing can occur in the UK. (1) The Secretary of State must support the development and validation of alternative strategies. This act protects the welfare of animals sold as pets. The law is often referred to by its acronym ASPA. We only support and fund replacement research. Consequences may include suspension, variation or revocation of a licence to carry out animal experiments. The UK Centre for Animal Law - A-law, London, United Kingdom. Monckton Chambers So if you're the proud owner of a furry friend there are a bunch of UK pet laws you may want to know about. Visit our resources page to find out more, as well as reading more about us and how we work with our team of legal volunteers. The Law requires the Government to do what it can to ensure that scientific methods and testing strategies which do not use protected animals are used and developed instead of similar methods that continue to use protected animals. The revised legislation came into force on 1 January 2013 and is now known as the “Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 Amendment Regulations 2012 (ASPA 2012)”. It can encompass many traditional areas of law, like torts, contract law, and family law. The Animal Welfare Act 2006 contains the general laws relating to animal welfare. The first modern animal protection laws are passed in Ireland and the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Tutorials, workshops, videos and Patreon member. The harm-benefit analysis is controversial because it implies that there will be a direct benefit to humans as a result of the suffering of animals. The Animal Welfare Act 2006 (‘the Act’), which came into force in April 2007, is the starting point in respect of the legal protection of vertebrate animals in England and Wales. The law. /* ----------------------------------------- */ Through our work, we (a) increase the legal capacity of the animal protection community to be better able to use the law to protect animals, and (b) increase the depth of understanding of animal law within the UK legal community, which helps make law and justice in the UK more effective in protecting animals. ‘Protected animals’ are not protected from being used in research, but rather their use is regulated under ASPA, whilst other animals are not afforded any legal protection. Search . It is important to define some phrases that are u… We have a wealth of online resources for people interested in animal law, including a comprehensive reading list with suggested text books and articles, information about sources of animal law, where to study animal law, external training events and much more. Last updated at 13:09. Want to know where you can study animal law in the United Kingdom? We do this through publications, including The UK Journal of Animal Law, training seminars, conferences and online resources and through contributing strategic legal assistance in support of animal protection group projects. Additional legislation is in place to address animals outside the scope of the Act, namely animals used in research and the majority of wild living animals [see related statutes]. This includes promoting discussion about academic theories about animal law at undergraduate and post graduate levels. Read more about the different philosophies concerning animal protection law, including animal rights and other approaches. The UK Centre for Animal Law (A-law) is a charity which brings together lawyers and other people interested in animal protection law to share experience and to harness that expertise for the benefit of animals, by securing more comprehensive and effective laws and better enforcement of … Where the balance should lie between human and nonhuman interests is a vitally important question for lawyers and for society. 3.1K likes. The UK Centre for Animal Law (A-law) is a charity which brings together lawyers and other people interested in animal protection law to share experience and to harness that expertise for the benefit of animals, by securing more comprehensive and effective laws and better enforcement of … UK animal testing legislation is regarded as the strictest in the world. Some words have precise definitions which are different to everyday use, and others have become quite contentious. The UK government has publicly stated that animals are sentient beings, not merely commodities, and has confirmed its commitment to the highest … Practical information about animal welfare law for compassionate members of the public. It requires any person keeping a pet shop to be licensed by the local council. “Alternative strategies” means scientific methods and testing strategies which do not use protected animals, or which (compared to existing scientific methods and testing strategies) use fewer protected animals or reduce the pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm caused to protected animals. Establishments typically review harm-benefit analyses internally at animal welfare and ethical review bodies (AWERBs) before their project licenses are sent to ASRU for approval. This definition is used within the UK and European Union. Animal law refers to the body of legislation, regulations and case law concerning the welfare and protection of animals. The UK Centre for Animal Law (A-law) is a charity which brings together lawyers and other people interested in animal protection law to share experience and to harness that expertise for the benefit of animals, by securing more comprehensive and effective laws and better enforcement of existing animal protection laws. The Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981. Are you a lawyer, law student or academic interested in animal welfare? All inspectors are veterinary or medical practitioners who have first-hand experience of biomedical research. Members of the internal AWERB that assesses the application before it is submitted to ASRU are likely not experts in the 3Rs. Animal welfare in the UK has no constitutional status and is therefore ranked behind the fundamental freedoms of people. Much of the law and practice concerning animal welfare is contained in the Animal Welfare Act 2006. Severity assessments only acknowledge the suffering caused to an animal during an experiment. London, WC1R 5NR. The categories of suffering set out in ASPA are non-recovery, mild, moderate or severe suffering. We do not believe that animals should be available to use as one option in the scientific toolbox. h3 {margin-top: 20px!important; margin-bottom: 20px!important;} The UK Centre for Animal Law (A-law) is the UK's leading animal law charity. These include the need: 1. for a suitable environment (place to live) 2. for a suitable diet 3. to exhibit normal behaviour patterns 4. to be housed with, or apart from, other animals (if applicable) 5. to be protected from pain, injury, suffering and disease Anyone who is cruel to an animal, or does not provide for its welfare needs, may be banned from owning animals, fined up to £20,000 and/or … The Animal Defenders Office is an Australian community legal centre focusing on animal law. (2) In particular, the Secretary of State must—. Their discussions and decisions are not made public. Registered Office: 27 Old Gloucester Street, London, WC1N 3AX, /* ----------------------------------------- */ This is the primary mechanism for wildlife protection in Britain. At Animal Free Research UK, we define the term ‘animal’ as including all organisms of the Kingdom Animalia (excluding humans). In reality, the choice made is between an actual harm to animals versus a hypothetical good for humans. /* ----------------------------------------- */. Animal Law is a small but burgeoning field. However, this is hardly ever the case. When applying for a project license, researchers must apply a ‘harm-benefit’ analysis. You can find a more detailed summary of animal welfare laws in the UK before and after Brexit in Brexit - getting the best for animals (PDF 4.24MB). Animal law is directly concerned with the way in which nonhuman animal interests are taken into account across a range of uses, including farming, research, sport, entertainment and companionship and in our interaction with them in the wild. It encompasses companion animals and wildlife and animals used in entertainment, research and ones raised for food.. Committed to pioneering a better legal framework for animals and inspiring the next generation of lawyers. The law that covers the use of animals in experiments and testing in the UK is the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 Amendment Regulations 2012. The UK Centre for Animal Law welcomes you to our second Bitesize Animal Law Series: Animals, Social Justice and Interconnectedness.This basic animal law series will introduce you to different areas of animals, social justice and their interconnectedness, such as international mechanisms for reporting wildlife crime and human rights complaints, to ecocide and the protection of animal habitats. 945 Followers, 202 Following, 934 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from UK Centre for Animal Law (@alawanimallawuk) This means that the research we fund must not use any animal from the Kingdom Animalia. In the UK we are unique as an organisation, focusing on promoting knowledge and understanding - both amongst lawyers, universities, animal protection groups and the wider public - about animal protection laws in the UK and elsewhere around the world. The Animal Welfare Act, an overhaul of pet abuse laws, came into force in England and Wales in 2007. Certain provisions of the Act extend to Scotland (Sections 46-50), and separate, similar, legislation covers Scotland and Northern Ireland as discussed below. Substantially similar legislation is in place for the rest of the UK; the Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 and … Multi-Award winning Coloured Pencil Artist & Tutor. A UK 2:1 honours degree, or its international equivalent, in animal science, biology, psychology, zoology or veterinary science. In 2019, 3,325,708 animals suffered in 3,401,517. We explain them here so that members of the public can be better informed about the law – but that does not mean we endorse their use or the rationale behind them. The use of animals in experiments and testing is regulated under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (ASPA) adopting the principles of the 3Rs(Replacement, Reduction and Refinement). This legislation covers four areas: Wildlife protection, including protection of wild birds, their eggs and nests, protection of other animal and protection of plants. The use of animals in research in England, Scotland and Wales is regulated by the Home Office, and in Northern Ireland by the Department for Health, Social Security and Public Safety. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. /* Content Template: Pages - end */ /* ----------------------------------------- */ The law that covers the use of animals in experiments and testing in the UK is the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 Amendment Regulations 2012. The Fight Against Canada’s Horse Meat Trade, Celebrity culture and its Impact on Animal Law Reform, Bureau rejects Scottish Wildcat Haven Bern Convention Complaint, Human-Animal Relationship Awareness Week: UK No-Pet Clauses. 08015625). Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. 1146896) and Scotland (No. However, millions of animals continue to be used in research every year. Researchers must demonstrate that the benefits of the experiment outweigh – or are more important than – the suffering of the animals. 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